Sor Juana: Or, The Traps of Faith

By Octavio Paz

Because of each person for twin language poetry! here's my first providing of Paz at the tracker, i believe. now not twin language.

trans Margaret Sayers Peden

Mexico's top poet, essayist, and cultural critic writes of a Mexican poet of over again and one other international, the area of seventeenth-century New Spain. His topic is Sor Juana Inés de los angeles Cruz, the main notable determine in all of Spanish-American colonial literature and one of many nice poets of her age.

Her lifestyles reads like a unique. A lively and precocious woman, certainly one of six illegitimate kids, is shipped to reside with family within the capital urban. She turns into recognized for her attractiveness, wit, and awesome erudition, and is taken into the courtroom because the Vicereine's protégée. for 5 years she enjoys the pleasures of existence at court--then suddenly, at twenty, enters a convent for all times. but, no recluse, she transforms the convent locutory right into a literary and highbrow salon; she amasses a powerful library and collects medical tools, reads insatiably, composes poems, and corresponds with literati in Spain. To the consternation of the prelates of the Church, she persists in circulating her poems, redolent extra of the courtroom than the cloister. Her performs are played, volumes of her poetry are released out of the country, and her genius starts off to be well-known during the Hispanic global. without notice she surrenders her books, forswears all literary goals, and indicators in blood a renunciation of secular studying. the remainder is silence. She dies years later, at forty-six.

Octavio Paz has lengthy been intrigued via the enigmas of Sor Juana's character and profession. Why did she turn into a nun? How may possibly she surrender her lifelong ardour for writing and studying? Such questions could be responded purely within the context of the realm within which she lived. Paz supplies a masterly portrayal of the existence and tradition of recent Spain and the political and ideological forces at paintings in that autocratic, theocratic, male-dominated society, within which the subjugation of girls used to be absolute.

Just as Paz illuminates Sor Juana's existence through putting it in its ancient surroundings, so he situates her paintings in terms of the traditions that nurtured it. With serious authority he singles out the traits that distinguish her paintings and mark her strong point as a poet. To Paz her writings, like her existence, epitomize the fight of the person, and specifically the person girl, for artistic achievement and self-expression.

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Eventually, feeling a twinge of regret, I lower back to the incomplete manuscript and, within the first half 19 eight 1, wrote the final 3 components. M y publication isn't the first on Sor Juana, nor will or not it's the final. The bibliography of writings, in lots of languages, on her individual and her paintings is huge and continually becoming. I owe a lot to my predecessors, and feature attempted to provide them due credits during the booklet. i'm additionally indebted to a couple of neighbors for his or her aid and encouragement, in particular Jose Luis Martinez, who gave me complete entry to his library, supplied photocopies of a number of books, and gave me the ease, as al­ methods, of his friendship and his recommendation; and Antonio Alatorre, who gen­ erously and carefully reviewed the pages of the Spanish textual content. For the English-language variation, i've got made a couple of alterations with the book’s new viewers in brain. i've got deleted occasional observations addressed to my fellow countrymen, and feature pruned definite pas­ sages— for instance, analyses of complex Spanish verse varieties— not likely to be of curiosity to those that don't learn Spanish. furthermore, i've got compressed the dialogue of Sor Juana’s valuable biographers and the assessment of the ebook historical past of her works and feature shifted them Preface ~ from the hole pages of components and 5, respectively, to a piece of Notes on resources in the back of the booklet. i've got used the textual content of the Méndez Planearte variation, the Obras com­ pletas released in 4 volumes through the Fondo de Cultura Económica in Mexico urban, and feature talked about the poems via their numbers in that version. O. P. Translator's Acknowledgments This translation couldn't were accomplished with out the help of the guts for Inter-American kinfolk and the beneficiant help of the nationwide Endowment for the arts and the Witter Bynner origin for Poetry. My own gratitude is going to Rosario Santos, Susan Mango, and Steven Schwartz. i'm indebted to extra humans than should be in this article for the assistance and infor­ mation I acquired from them; it truly is my wish that they are going to realize themselves and settle for my appreciation. between that giant quantity, i'm in particular grate­ ful to Luis Harss, who learn this translation for Harvard college Press with trained care, and whose feedback, besides these of alternative editors, im­ proved it. final, yet consistently first, my enduring due to William Peden. M. S. P. vii Contents 1. 2. three. four. Prologue historical past, existence, paintings half One the dominion of latest SPAIN a different Society The Dais and the Pulpit Syncretism and Empire A Transplanted Literature half five. 6. 7. eight. nine. 10. eleven. 12 . sixty three seventy two 86 a hundred SOR JUAN A INÉS DE l. a. CRUZ, sixteen 6 nine -16 7 nine lifestyles within the Convent Political Rites the area as Hieroglyph Sister Juana and the Goddess Isis half 4 n 24 34 forty four JU AN A RA M ÍREZ, sixteen four eight -16 6 eight The Ramírez family members M ay Syllables Be Composedby the celebs the pains of Juana Inés Taking the Vows half 3 i 117 139 a hundred and fifty five 169 SOR JUAN A INÉS DE l. a. CRUZ, sixteen eight zero -16 nine zero thirteen . Flattery and Favors 14 .

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